The person-centered counsellor facilitates three core conditions to provide a climate conducive to growth and change. These core conditions are:
Unconditional positive regard
Empathic understanding – acceptance
The first, unconditional positive regard means that the counsellor accepts the client unconditionally and non-judgementally. The client is free to explore all thoughts and feelings, positive or negative, without danger of rejection. Crucially, the client is free to express without having to do anything in particular or meet any particular standards of behavior.
The second, empathic understanding means that the counsellor accurately understands the client’s thoughts, feelings, and meanings from the client’s own perspective. When the counsellor perceives what the world is like from the client’s point of view, it demonstrates not only that that view has value, but also that the client is being accepted.